Germany lacks skilled professionals
Businesses are now dependent on the influx of skilled workers as a result of demographic growth in Germany. In Germany, there are not enough qualified professionals. The German labour market needs well-trained workers from all over the globe. There could be a lack of approximately three million skilled workers, technicians, researchers and medical professionals by 2030, according to the Prognos Research Institute. Even the Federal Ministry of Labour warns in its most recent progress report of a shortfall of qualified professionals. Therefore, hiring qualified professionals from abroad is an important aspect of securing a sufficient number of skilled workers.
A shortage of 146,000 workers per year
A different study conducted by the Bertelsmann Stiftung which was released in February 2019, states that Germany is dependent on immigration from countries outside of Europe. Referring to this study, 40 years from now, Germany will require an annual immigration of 260,000 people. The study claims that on a yearly average, roughly 114,000 immigrants can be expected to move from other countries within the EU. Hence, about 146,000 workers would have to immigrate from countries outside the EU.
The Skilled Immigration Act
On March 1st 2020, the Federal Government passed the Skilled Immigration Act which makes it easier for non-EU citizens with professional qualifications to access the German labour market. This marks a new era on the German employment market. International specialists, therefore, have good prospects in particularly demanded jobs. These include above all the STEM subjects, i.e. science, technology, engineering and mathematics, plus medicine and nursing care.
10 jobs in high demand in Germany
- Electronics engineers, electricians, electrical fitters
- Software developers, software architects, programmers
- Distribution partners, sales representatives
- Sales managers, product managers
- Customer advisors, account managers
- Carers for the elderly
- Storekeepers, transport workers
- Customer service, receptionists
- Personnel officers, HR managers
Benefits of the Skilled Immigration Act
Now, it is easier to access the German labour market. Doors are open to any vocation, ie. any profession and it doesn’t matter anymore whether the job is in high demand or not.
One other major change is that before the Act had been passed, the preference was granted to German applicants with regards to recruiting. Whereas now, every applicant from all over the globe has equal opportunities and is equally screened, hence has the same opportunity to land the job. Furthermore, the federal employment agency (Bundesagentur für Arbeit) checks for work conditions, such as salary, work hours, holidays/vacation days which allows more secure jobs are on offer for internationals.
Feel free to watch my Career Coaching Drip-in Session #5 which explains the process of the application process and the Skilled Immigration Act in more detail.
But why is the German labour market so attractive for foreigners?
- Stable economic situation.
- Increasing number of vacancies compared to the previous year.
- Increased industry-specific need for skilled workers.
- We have a very low unemployment rate of about 5%.
- With 7%, Germany has the lowest youth unemployment rate in the EU.
- According to the OECD, one of the most liberal immigration systems for highly qualified people of all industrial countries is Germany.
- Companies in Germany invest in professional training to provide their employees with the best support.
Further readings and sources I used to write this article:
- Bertelsmann Stiftung German Labour Market Needs International Professionals
- Dekra Labour Market Report 2019
- Linkedin Change in Recruiting
- Prognos Labour Market 2030
- Statista Unemployment Rate Germany